Headphone fans rejoice, as the multi-award-winning Naim Uniti Atom has just got even better with the release of the all-new ‘Headphone Edition’. In place of the speaker output stages and power amplifier, Naim has put the headphone output, along with three headphone sockets on the front panel as well as a balanced 4-pin XLR and Pentaconn.

The standard model Uniti Atom has a headphone amplifier that feeds a 3.5mm jack. However, the new Headphone Edition has been completely reengineered to distribute a much more sophisticated and immersive headphone listening experience. 

The technology in this new unit comes in some part from Naim’s flagship ‘Statement’ amplifier. This distinct new headphone amp is more than capable of managing even the most premium of headphones. The Atom also boasts an updated transformer design providing power to the brand new transistor circuit design. 

This new Headphone Edition is a fully-formed music system complete with ample connections and a plethora of built-in streaming solutions. Naim’s streaming platform is a portal to streaming services such as Spotify, Tidal and Qobuz, as well as DLNA playback and internet radio. It also comes with built-in Chromecast and offers support for AirPlay 2 and Roon.

Both digital and analogue connections are available including RCA and phono, coaxial, optical and USB for additional source connections. Whilst the new Atom HE is designed with headphone users in mind, it can still be utilised as a perfectly capable streaming preamplifier, connected to either a pair of active speakers or a power amp. 

And there we have it. Yet another desirable addition to the Naim Uniti range. The Headphone edition is available now and offers something markedly different to the headphone/preamp hi-fi market. 

This is an incredibly versatile unit that not only offers a range of connections but is also suitable for use alone with headphones or with a power amp or active speaker system. Its simple and elegant design is easy to navigate, and whilst it has a somewhat more niche appeal than its brothers and sisters, headphone users will certainly not be disappointed with its impressive sound performance.

One of the most recognised names in the Hi-Fi market is the Norwegian brand Hegel, established since 1988. Known for producing integrated, pre and power amplifiers alongside some of the most modern and sophisticated DACs, Hegel is unmistakably Scandinavian. Simplicity, uncompromised functionality and power is Hegel’s signature sound and style alongside a combination of contemporary and elegant award-winning design. 

When it comes to contemporary styling, the H90, H120, H190, H390 and H590 integrated amplifiers fit the bill perfectly. These compact amps offer high power, high performance and sleek lines.  

Let’s take a closer look at Hegel’s superior, single box integrated amplifiers.

Hegel H90

Hegel-H90 blackThe H90 has been designed with simplicity in mind, making it the perfect stand-alone unit. As an entry-level amp model, the H90 comes with a fantastic set of features and 60 watts per channel sound. This ensures you’ll get a powerful bass response, even through large floor standing speakers. Although an entry-level amp, the damping factor is up to 20 times higher than the industry average and the range of the H90’s features allow superior flexibility, including Apple AirPlay, network streaming, digital and analog connections.

These features (except streaming) can be configured to fixed level inputs which allow easy integration with your Home Theatre System. For private listening, there is a high-quality headphone output and a white OLED display which is not only informative but sleek and bright too. Set-up is super simple. Just connect your TV, phono stage or phones, add your speakers and you’re ready to listen to extraordinary sound!  

Hegel-H120 white

Hegel H120

One step up in price from Hegel’s entry-level amplifier is the Hegel H120 . While it’s a small step in terms of cost, it’s a massive step in terms of performance. This is down to the H120’s features. Like the H90, the H120 comprises Apple AirPlay; it also includes Spotify Connect, IP Control, Control4 and UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) streaming. And it doesn’t end there! Additional features, in development, will be offered when they are ready at no extra cost and can be easily integrated using the software update functionality.  

The H120 uses the Hegel SoundEngine2 amplifier platform which allows a damping factor higher than 2000 yet keeps extremely low distortion levels. It works a little like a noise cancelling headphone by comparing the output of the amplifier with the input. When distortion is detected, this is played forward into the speaker output, but in reverse phase. 

This is the key to the incredible sound performance of the H120. The 75W power output creates a more dynamic sound, and this, combined with sizeable loudspeakers, presents more challenging drive loads. 

All inputs can be configured for volume bypass so that you can integrate with your home theatre or your wireless sound system making it the perfect affordable upgrade.

Hegel H190

Hegel H190 black

With powerful technology within a modern casing, the Hegel H190 is a beautifully designed piece of equipment. This time it is a small step up from the Hegel H120 and has a damping factor of over 4000. The H190 is massively powerful! This amp will drive pretty much any loudspeaker currently on the market, especially the big ones! With a power output of 150W, the H190 also includes DLNA streaming capabilities that can play music from various streaming platforms, including Apple AirPlay. 

The H190 also features configurable inputs, a high-end DAC and a substantial 6.3mm front-facing headphone output, making it easy to plug and unplug depending on your listening preferences. 

Ultimate sound quality combines with its ease of use and of course, its style when it comes to the H190. Available in contemporary anodised black or white aluminium, and with a sleek OLED display, the H190 is indeed a beautiful and powerful centrepiece in any Hi-Fi system. 

Hegel H390 black

Hegel H390

The Hegel H390‘s is a complete product, designed with vast amounts of thought and care, while also remaining affordable. This is apparent from the carefully selected and matching components to the best measurement equipment in the world. The amp is a dual mono class A/B design, with each channel delivering 250W into 8 ohms, so is an excellent option if you have planar magnetic or electrostatic speakers that are often difficult to drive.

Along with Apple AirPlay, the H390 also supports Roon, Spotify Connect and can handle streaming from music server software running on a networked computer or NAS via UPnP. The H390’s digital inputs are MQA-compatible and support for up to DSD 2.8 playback is provided via DoP (DSD over PCM). At present, the H390 offers basic IP control, with Control4 and Crestron currently in the works to support the custom integration market.

The H390 is top of the league in Hegel’s pursuit to make mainstream sources sound incredible and means that the H390 is not just for audiophiles; the entire family can enjoy it.


Hegel H590 blackHegel H590

Finally, let’s look at the Hegel H590. This is a reference amplifier throughout, delivering a massive 301W per channel, so it’s no wonder it’s often referred to as ‘the beast’. Like the rest of the series, the H590 includes user-friendly services such as Apple AirPlay, but at the same time embraces super high-performance formats like DSD. The H590 is Hegel’s way of making ‘high end’ quality accessible to everyone! 

The H590 uses SoundEngine2 amplifier patented technology combined with high power, low distortion amplifier design. The result is dynamic capabilities which are unmatched, while maintaining a smooth, natural sound with all the detail. The H590 can be used to provide outstanding sound in your Home Theatre or to combine a Theatre and a wireless system for music listening without losing sound performance. The H590 is genuinely the ultimate integrated amplifier.


Visit our Hegel section to find out more about their award-winning Hi-Fi selection.

What is Dolby Atmos

Dolby Atmos, until a few years ago, was known for being one of the most recognised technologies in cinemas. It was the only place you could experience that genuinely magnificent sound, the type of sound that vibrates through your very being and fully immerses you in a movie. But Dolby’s Atmos iconic surround sound technology has quickly transitioned to home cinema and can now be enjoyed by everyone, at home.

In Dolby’s own words, Atmos is: “…the most significant development in cinema audio since surround sound.” And the company is not wrong.

Originally developed in 2012, Atmos is a surround sound technology with channels that send sound from overhead. This surpasses the current 5.1 and 7.1 set-ups and allows sound to really come alive, enveloping you in a ‘dome of sound’ and giving you a magnificent 3D audio experience.

This immersive, 360-degree audio experience has been made possible through incredible advancements in acoustic technology and developments in sound editing software, producing ‘object-based’ sound that places and moves audio around to bring the sound alive from every direction, including from above. This is a mighty achievement and allows for outstanding clarity, depth and detail, not to mention a remarkable experience for you, the audience.

How does Dolby Atmos Work?

The more traditional surround sound formats such as Dolby Digital deliver sound through a 5.1 or a 7.1 channel set-up. The ‘5′ set-up consists of a left front, right front and centre speaker plus left and right surround sound speakers, and the ‘point 1’ refers to the subwoofer. The ‘7’ set-up is the same except for two extra speakers, usually positioned behind you. When a soundtrack is produced, different sounds are assigned to different speakers, creating the ‘surround sound’ effect. Typically, the centre channel is used for dialogue, dramatic music and sounds are to the front left and right channels and the ambient sounds are usually mixed between the left and right surround channels. All the low frequency effects are sent to the subwoofer. 

Does this all sound familiar? Of course it does, and this set-up does indeed make for stunning surround sound, but Dolby Atmos goes further with an even greater sound achieved by the addition of overhead or elevated speakers to your set-up.

Because sounds are encoded as ‘objects’, rather than sending an audio track to a specific channel, for example, a front left or front right speaker, sound designers can assign an audio track to a specific location. This includes assigning a sound to ‘overhead.’ This gives sound designers huge flexibility with the audio, and by adding another audio source, the sound becomes three dimensional, totally immersing and surrounding you with the highest audio quality possible. 

How to Set up Dolby Atmos at Home

It’s unlikely that you will have the space to accommodate in your home, the same number of speakers most cinemas use for their Dolby Atmos sound! This is typically up to 400 speakers in the most modern of venues. But that doesn’t mean you can’t create a similarly immersive experience with the correct equipment.

As with your traditional surround sound system, the basic set-up for Dolby Atmos is your starting point. From there you can add at least two overhead/elevation speakers making the system a 5.1.2 system.

Crucially, you will need a Dolby Atmos receiver to recognise the sound sent to your surround speakers. To this end, you must ensure your AV receiver offers Dolby Atmos. The receiver is a critical part of your home entertainment system. Hence, you must have a receiver that can efficiently power your speakers and decode a Dolby Atmos soundtrack.

To efficiently bring Dolby Atmos cinema sound into your home, just add two or four ceiling speakers to your system. A second option is to install add-on speaker modules on top of your existing bookshelf or floor standing speakers. Alternatively, consider the purchase of a purpose-built Atmos Speaker System.

When a Dolby Atmos system is installed, each speaker has its own discrete feed, enabling new front, surround and ceiling-mounted height channels. The room thereby is calibrated, which allows sound mixers to precisely ‘place’ sounds and voices at exact points in the sound field rather than just to specific channels.

This entertainment system set-up, when used to play a pure Dolby Atmos mix, allows you to hear the sound as it was always intended, so your source material must be encoded in Dolby Atmos technology. You are then guaranteed the best, most immersive sound and a truly unforgettable listening experience at home.

Dolby Atmos Speakers

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    Atmos Speakers

    Elac Debut 2.0 A4.2 Dolby Atmos Speakers

    The sound quality, unique design, and efficient features of Elac Debut 2.0 A4.2 provides a whole new experience in your Atmos world. The Dolby Atmos technology provides a true 3D space, expands the sonic landscape that makes it stand out to other similar models. Just add the Debut A4.2 to the top of your floorstanding or bookshelf speakers to enjoy the amazing music and action.

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    The sound quality, unique design, and efficient features of Elac Debut 2.0 A4.2 provides a whole new experience in your Atmos world. The Dolby Atmos technology provides a true 3D space, expands the sonic landscape that makes it stand out to other similar models. Just add the Debut A4.2 to the top of your floorstanding or bookshelf speakers to enjoy the amazing music and action.

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    Atmos Speakers

    Dali Alteco C-1 Speakers

    The DALI ALTECO C-1 is truly a multi-purpose speaker. The perfect fit for adding height information to a surround setup or taking the role as an out-of-the-way stereo speaker. By designing the crossover for stereo use and by keeping a strict focus on DALI sound design principles, we have created a speaker that delivers believable height information from Atmos, DTS-X and Auro-3D movies.

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    The DALI ALTECO C-1 is truly a multi-purpose speaker. The perfect fit for adding height information to a surround setup or taking the role as an out-of-the-way stereo speaker. By designing the crossover for stereo use and by keeping a strict focus on DALI sound design principles, we have created a speaker that delivers believable height information from Atmos, DTS-X and Auro-3D movies.

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    Atmos Speakers

    Klipsch RP-500SA Reference Premiere Atmos Elevation Speakers

    Enhance your home theater system with the incredible, overhead sound effects of the Klipsch RP-500SA Dolby Atmos® speaker. By leveraging Klipsch proprietary horn-loaded controlled directivity technology, the RP-500SA bounces sound off the ceiling to create an astonishing, immersive listening experience. The RP-500SA can also be utilized as an on-wall elevation or surround speaker via its easy-to-use keyhole mounting system - delivering the perfect angle for enhanced sound effects.

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    Enhance your home theater system with the incredible, overhead sound effects of the Klipsch RP-500SA Dolby Atmos® speaker. By leveraging Klipsch proprietary horn-loaded controlled directivity technology, the RP-500SA bounces sound off the ceiling to create an astonishing, immersive listening experience. The RP-500SA can also be utilized as an on-wall elevation or surround speaker via its easy-to-use keyhole mounting system - delivering the perfect angle for enhanced sound effects.

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    Atmos Speakers

    KEF R8a Surround Speakers

    The R8a works as a surround or rear speaker and can bounce sound of the ceiling to create truly cinematic scale with Dolby Atmos.

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    The R8a works as a surround or rear speaker and can bounce sound of the ceiling to create truly cinematic scale with Dolby Atmos.

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Bluesound streamers and amplifiers

Streaming has come of age. Whether you are looking for a new, standalone, streamer for your Hi-Fi system or a multi-room solution for your home, the Bluesound Node 2i is the answer. It stands out as the simplest component in the Bluesound family, details of which can be viewed in full through the link below. The design is subtle and elegant, but powerful with fast ARM Cortex A9 processors at its heart and effortless support for up to 32-bit, 192 khz playback. The Node2i delivers smooth, seamless sound that highlights the smallest subtlety of a recording so you can enjoy your favourite music in High Definition.

There are quite a few reasons to add the Bluesound Node 2i streamer into your audio system. You can access your own digital music library through the BluOS app or near-unlimited music via Internet, radio and streaming services such as Spotify, Tidal, Deezer, Qobuz and Napster, amongst others. There’s also an ability to control wirelessly from any iOS or Android device also using the BluOS App. Recent software updates include compatibility with Apple’s Airplay2 protocol allowing you to stream directly from your IOS device to your speakers and connect with other compatible Airplay2 devices.  There are also several output and input choices at the rear of the unit which provide connection flexibility; Analogue, optical and coaxial digital, USB, Ethernet, RCA, Sub out, 12V trigger and an IR input for remote learning and integration into home automation systems.   

Need amplification? The Powernode2i adds 60w per channel of NAD “full-disclosure” power to the Node2i. It supports AptX HD for Hi-Res files at a modest price point of £799. It’s a great option for expanding hi-fi into other rooms or for your TV. “Full-disclosure” means the amplifier is capable of sustained power delivery – unlike quoting “peak power” which is a short micro-burst of energy and a meaningless indicator of the capability of the amp.


Bluesound Node 2i Streamer white . Bluesound Node 2i Streamer black.

Speaker impedance is sometimes shown as a complicated subject and thus is either misunderstood or ignored. A fundamental idea of speaker impedance is not hard, and it is beneficial when linking multiple speakers to an amplifier. This post will provide you with a simple understanding of speaker impedance and why does it matter.

Speaker Impedance Explained

The best way to explain speaker impedance should be to state that it’s the resistance a speaker provides to the voltage and current being used on it. In other words, your loudspeaker is actually an extensive resister-a great one. Furthermore, speaker impedance is sometimes labeled as a speaker’s resistance.

The tough portion is to understand that this is not a certain thing. Your speaker impedance shifts according to the frequency of the signal provided to it. As music includes a number of concurrent frequencies, everything you deal with is a thing identified as “nominal” impedance. That is basically the minimum level the speaker will drop down to in resistance to the load put on at any provided frequency located in its functioning range.

But specifications lie…and which means most of your speakers being tweaked to “approximately” fit in the 4-ohms to 6-ohms range. Although we believe that you do not commonly have any problems with that fact, there are a few things you can do to prevent any expected issues.


Why does the speaker impedance matter?

Mentioned previously, speaker impedance decides the current derived from the amplifier. Keep in mind impedance impedes (or restricts) the current, hence lower the impedance, the more current can pass. An increased current needs the amp to generate more power. Another method of looking at it is to say the reduced the impedance, the greater the load on the amplifier (and the harder it needs to work).

Many tower and bookshelf speakers are graded either 6 or 8 ohms. All the specific speaker impedance score that’s 4 ohms is usually gonna be a top quality, audiophile device that needs an amplifier which will seriously produce a bit of power. This is not a “snobby” thing. The loudspeaker vendor probably made a 4-ohm speaker as they understand what sort of amplifier will be needed (or often implemented with it) to achieve the required sound. Having a lesser impedance range, this also leads to different design options and choices.

For most of us, a 6-8 ohm speaker will probably be standard. Those kinds of speakers are very suitable to fit with the types of many AV receivers. This is not to be accepted as a blanket saying obviously, even more, adopts a loudspeaker as opposed to its impedance score. Yet, you will find indications you should know about when looking to figure out amplifiers and impedance ratings.


What you need to keep in mind is this: match your speakers to your amp or receiver so that you are not pushing the amplifier to work overtime simply to stuff your room with sound. Engineers and Product managers take tremendous care in the construction and design of those audio products. The best option is to stay inside the design guidelines. In terms of 4-ohm speakers and AV receivers, even so, only the most basic products should give you issues. In case you have a basic receiver you might find that you cannot receive all the volume you may need (same applies to have a big room). If, on the other hand, you have a mid-fi or advanced amplifier or AV receiver there’s no reason to baby your system. 4-ohm speakers definitely will work great in many instances.

Our Subwoofers

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    Klipsch R-120SW Subwoofer

    The Reference R-120SW subwoofer lets you feel the impact of your favorite music and movies rather than just hearing them. In fact, its deep bass will shake you up as soon as you push play.

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    The Reference R-120SW subwoofer lets you feel the impact of your favorite music and movies rather than just hearing them. In fact, its deep bass will shake you up as soon as you push play.

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    SVS PB-1000 Subwoofer

    Ported box home theater subwoofer with 10-inch high output driver and 300 watts RMS, 700+ watts peak power amplifier, the PB-1000 delivers ground-shaking SPL output and subterranean low frequency extension without sacrificing detail and accuracy.

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    Ported box home theater subwoofer with 10-inch high output driver and 300 watts RMS, 700+ watts peak power amplifier, the PB-1000 delivers ground-shaking SPL output and subterranean low frequency extension without sacrificing detail and accuracy.

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    SVS SB-3000 Subwoofer

    Chest-thumping output and extreme low frequency extension with stunning refinement and musicality – reference subwoofer performance has never been available in this price range or from a cabinet of this size, ever!

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    SVS SB-3000 Subwoofer


    Chest-thumping output and extreme low frequency extension with stunning refinement and musicality – reference subwoofer performance has never been available in this price range or from a cabinet of this size, ever!

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You can ask any person if he actually want a subwoofer — audiophile enthusiasts, industry professionals, or movie lovers — the reply is probably yes. Still is this honestly correct? Let us try to answer this concern as genuinely and neutral as possible.

The cause that a lot of people want a subwoofer is because of the idea that a regular surround system is not going to be suitable for generating low frequencies noticed in movies or music. It is simply physically impossible. To produce the very low frequencies that match bass, heavy R&B music or those blockbuster movies with special effects , you will require a speaker driver a minimum of 8” in diameter, ideally larger. This is not promotion, it’s physics. To obtain precise low frequencies using a tower speaker you will have to look for top-quality solutions.

If you count yourself an audiophile and wish more depth than two channel stereo has to provide, then you will probably need a subwoofer. In other words, you are not gaining it all your music has to provide without having a sub. This is specifically true with bass heavy music.

If you are a cinephile, the same applies. Action movies with heavy explosions are likely to lean very much on low frequency reproduction using the subwoofer. Without one, you are not enjoying the movie in the way in which it was supposed.

Although imagine if you are none of these. What if you love movies, but just watch dramas? Let’s say you love music, but nothing with pounding bass?

If your aim is to stay away from a subwoofer, then you will need speakers with great woofers. Tower speakers normally have more drivers, and the point that the cabinets are bigger, implies more airflow, and consequently more bass. If you won’t need those extra low frequencies accomplished via subwoofers, towers can still render clean bass. Alone, bookshelf speakers are usually about to have difficulty reproducing bass. Despite the fact that you do not listen to so much material with significant bass, a subwoofer will always be a huge advantage if your primary speakers are smaller.

Nowadays, it is possible to have wireless subwoofers, in-wall subwoofers, and other versions that make working with the big black box convenient. We definitely suggest heading one of those paths instead of going without. Then again, if you are going without, make sure to do your research and buy yourself tower speakers that can actually pack a punch.

Many music and film fans love to experience the clearest sounds. However, installing a 5.1 home theatre speaker set can be quite complicated even for an audiophile. 5.1-channel audio consists of five discrete, full range main channels (Left, Centre, Right, Left Surround, and Right Surround) plus an optional LowFrequency Effects (LFE) channel, often called “subwoofer channel”. This article will look into how to install a great surround sound system to make the listeners feel as through they are in the middle of the action.

Choosing the Room

Firstly you need to consider what the room is going to be used for. If this is a family room where kids play then you might want speakers mounted to the wall that are out of the way. If you plan to put speakers in a room that is used for activities other than watching TV, then you’d probably consider keeping the speakers small.  On the other hand, if this is a dedicated theatre room, larger floorstanding speakers aren’t likely to pose a hazard to pets or kids.

Identifying the listening area

The layout of the room and how the positions of the speakers will affect sound need to be considered. A clear path between the listener and the speakers need to be created, e.g. if the speaker can not be seen by the listener, sound is being blocked. Speakers should not be hidden behind furniture or put too far from the TV.

The room size and the listening/viewing distance are the two criteria that drive any successful surround sound environment.

The first known factor when designing a new home theatre in the space where the home theatre will be. Product selection is often based upon the cubic volume of the listening environment.

Another factor to consider is the size of the screen and the distance from the screen to the centre of the seating area. Normally, moving to larger models in the manufacturers product line increases the possible distance from the loudspeaker to the listening area as the dispersion characteristics are optimised for longer listening distances. There are many manufacturers on the market producing different sized models and there is a loudspeaker to fit into any sized environment.

Practical Installation Considerations

Main Loudspeaker Positioning

Ideal loudspeaker placement is often compromised when working within the client’s wishes and room design restrictions. Often sound quality is third on the list after the room aesthetics and video requirements. However, with some attention to detail, it can be close rather than a distant third. A few of the more important recommendations found in standard are presented and discussed below:

1. Angles

  • Standard: Left and right are positioned 30º from the centre and the rears are positioned 110º ± 10º from the centre. The loudspeakers should then be angled so that they point towards the optimum listening position.
  • In practice: These angles are generally not respected in Home Theatres. The centre loudspeaker is usually in the correct place but the left and right loudspeakers are positioned according to the size of the screen (a practice inherited from the movie theatre ‘standards’). Multiple loudspeakers are used for the rear channels to increase coverage in the listening area and are positioned wherever is most convenient on the side and/or rear walls.

2. Distance

  • Standard: All loudspeakers should be equidistant from the “sweet spot.”
  • In practice: It is often difficult to place the left, centre and right loudspeakers equidistant front the “sweet spot” as the loudspeaker enclosures are normally positioned in the same plane, i.e. against a wall or in some cabinetry. The resulting timing differences are then electronically compensated for, using the processor. Unfortunately, this results in a compromise that is rarely referred to in most literature. The polar pattern of the loudspeaker is different at different listening distances and this cannot be compensated for in a simple digital delay.

3. Height

  • Standard: The front loudspeakers should ideally be placed at a height approximately equal to that of the listener’s ears (1.2 m / 4 ft from the floor). If the loudspeakers are to be placed higher or lower than the listeners’ ears, the loudspeakers should be angled vertically to point towards the listening position.
  • In practice: It is generally recommended for the speakers to be positioned at least 1.2 m / 4 ft off the floor so the floor reflection does not dominate the frequency response. If the loudspeaker is placed close to the floor, for example, below a screen, two things happen: a deep and wide notch occurs in the bass (typically around 100-200 Hz) and the loudspeaker is loaded which increases the entire bass output. Subjectively, the result is a muddy but thin sounding bass and midrange masking which makes speech less intelligible. Conversely, be careful that the ceiling reflection does not start to dominate instead.

Subwoofer Positioning

Below are some recommendations for subwoofer positioning:

  • Close enough to the front wall and slightly offset from the middle of the room, 30 cm / 1 ft, to avoid the first pressure minima position.
  • In a corner, close to both front and side walls. This position will maximise the system efficiency due to the corner loading. A second subwoofer in the opposite corner may be required to avoid localising a single subwoofer.

These locations are contrary to the common belief that the best position for the subwoofer is in the front, on the floor and in the middle of the room, equidistant from the side walls. This location can be a serious compromise since the subwoofer sits in the pressure minimum of the lateral standing wave. Also, it has to be remembered that:

  • Adjustment of the gain (Input Sensitivity) and frequency response (Bass Roll-off) of the subwoofer is necessary to balance the subwoofer to the main loudspeakers.
  • The subwoofer can also be flush mounted into the front wall or some cabinetry but the discussion of the position of the source relative to the room remains valid.
  • The phase adjustment on the subwoofer at the crossover frequency is important to achieve a flat frequency response in the crossover region.

Centre Speaker Positioning

The centre channel will reproduce almost all of the dialogue. Ideally, the centre loudspeaker should be mounted above the screen as this will reduce the effects of the floor reflection as the reflection distance and angle are both increased. Although this is not always possible, the centre speaker should be lined up with the midpoint and aimed directly towards you for the best sound.

Adjusting the listening space

Room acoustics is an area of home theatre is often overlooked. It is important and challenging but with some consideration, good sound can be the result. In fact, some improvements can be made quite easily.

Wall surfaces, ceilings and floors can be reflective, diffusive or absorptive. Combinations of these are often used. Hard surfaces such as glass, concrete, dry wall or MDF reflect the sound. Soft materials such as carpets and curtains absorb the sound. The thicker the layer is, better is the absorption. Irregular surfaces such as diffusers or bookshelves diffuse and spread the sound around, as well as two parallel surfaces in a room sustain the sound energy bouncing back and forth causing flutter echo, standing waves or cancellation dips. Optimal acoustic situation is when you receive a natural direct sound from the speakers to your listening position (a.k.a. sweet spot) without the room reflections colouring the sound and the stereo imaging.

If the room is heavily damped (thick carpeting, heavy curtains and lots of upholstered furniture) there will be a loss of energy in the midrange frequencies. On the positive side, it should be remembered that an absorptive room usually results in more accurate imaging. If there is any doubt in the choice between two models based on the listening distance or room volume then select the larger model.

Conversely, if the room is minimally furnished and has many hard surfaces with little absorption (although that would be a rarity in a dedicated home theatre) then it may be possible to step down a model in the range. Such a room will tend to be highly reflective and support the loudspeakers’ output, so some adjustment of the room response controls will be necessary.


After following the steps above, even if you were not able to place your speakers in their ideal locations due to room and furniture constraints, you can rest easy knowing that your system can still sound great. Don’t worry about perfection, many home theatre receivers offer automatic speaker calibration that takes care of things for you.

We do not have any particular speaker brand recommendation, although it is best to use “voice-matched” speakers from the same brand and the same family or series within the brand. For a 5.1 setup it’s best to go for accurate speakers with a flat frequency response to avoid having any kind of ‘signature’ sound.

Give us a call if you have any questions and we will be able to guide you through the details of installation.






reference: install guide by Genelec

Most people carry a smart phone or tablet that contains all of their music and video. Headphones are one of the most essential tools to have with you at all times. But chances are that your headphones are worn out and falling apart. It may be time to replace those worn headphones for a new headphone upgrade.

Here are a few signs that it’s time to toss out those old ones and buy an amazing set that will bring your music to life.

1. You’re using white earbuds.

If you’re using white earbuds instead of actual headphones, it’s time to toss them out and buy quality earbuds or real headphones.

2. Your headphones distort at high volumes.

There’s no point in using headphones if they’re going to distort at low or high levels. While you shouldn’t be listening to music at such high levels that they hurt your ears, you do still want headphones that actually work at those higher levels. If your headphones sound increasingly worse the more you crank up the volume, it’s time to replace them.

3. They’re not fitting right.

Whether you have an in-ear or on-ear style, if they’re always falling out, or sliding off your head, chances are they aren’t the right size for you. Even if they sound wonderful, you’re not getting your full music listening enjoyment out of them. A closer and better fit means you’ll truly enjoy that better bass response.

4. They’re connected by a wire.

The older style of headphones have a wire that connects to your stereo, TV, or device. While this is still a cool way to listen to audio, there are wireless headphones available that can take that additional aggravation away. Now you’ll never have to untangle cords again.

5. You use your headphones when working out.

Most headphones haven’t been designed for working out. They’ll often fall out at the least opportune time. You also need a sports headphone that won’t short out from sweat.

6. They hurt your ears.

Noise cancelling headphones are guilty for this issue. If you’ve ever been on a long flight and your ears have started to hurt, you can find a more comfortable pair of earbuds or an over-the-ear set of headphones. You can still block out the noise but keep your ears from getting squished and sore.

7. Your ear buds just don’t fit right.

Everyone has different sizes of ears. The Klipsch in-ear headphones utilize a patented contour ear gel material that has been anatomically designed to fit inside our human ear canals. They feature a soft oval silicon tip that actually reduces ear fatigue, yet still manages a good noise isolation and excellent bass response.

Now that you’re ready to toss your old headphones, here are a few ideas on what to replace them with. You have your choice of Bluetooth or wired headphones, with the quality that Klipsch is famous for.



These ear buds not only look fantastic but they utilize the same advanced acoustic engineering and industrial design that the Reference home theatre speakers have. Now you have great performance, voice, and design with the Klipsch Reference R6 in-ear monitors.

Buy Klipsch R6 II



The X12i has won awards. They have a milled aluminum chassis that has a less than 6mm diameter. These wired earbuds have to be the smallest ones, and the best sounding ones in the world. They’ve been made with aluminum to be durable and extremely lightweight.

Buy Klipsch X12i



One of the first products that Paul W. Klipsch designed was the headphones. The Reference On-Ear II headphones have been designed to be comfortable but still create the perfect seal so you can have extended listening enjoyment.

Buy Klipsch Reference On-Ear II



The Klipsch AS-5i headphones are lightweight, and moisture and sweat resistant for all of your outdoor or gym activities. They have a secure design that stays put on your head. There is also a customizable flex wire so you can position and fit them exactly the way you want.

Buy Klipsch AS-5i



Klipsh has gone one step beyond the usual plastic headphones. The X12 Neckband headphones have been designed from scratch, with premium materials, real copper accents, and unsurpassed acoustic technology. Combined, you’ll have a superior listening experience. These in-ear monitors are durable, comfortable, and possess incomparable audio-grade sound.

Buy Klipsch X12 Neckband



The Klipsch R6 Neckband headphones have incorporated a high-end neckband design with wireless technology. They have a strong electroplated exoskeleton covered with genuine leather. These headphones are strong and durable, and have been handcrafted with copper accent stitching and a black chrome finish. They ensure you’re provided with a great listening experience.

Buy Klipsch R6 Neckband



These Klipsch Reference Over-Ear Bluetooth headphones contain the balanced driver technology that is essential in decreasing distortion in over-ear headphones. They have Bluetooth high streaming audio and contain the cVc® microphone. Your premium headphones will give you a comfortable and easy-to-use way to enjoy music without that high price tag.

Buy Klipsch Reference Over-Ear BT

It’s no secret that audiophile headphones are only available at a premium price, but they’re certainly worth the cost. Anyone can purchase a cheap pair of earbuds, but to truly enjoy the audiophile experience, one must have a great set of headphones to listen in. The reasons for purchasing a quality pair of headphones can be numerous. But, the most expensive set may not necessarily mean the best.

Many people find that headphones can provide comfort, particularly when wearing them for extended lengths of time. Many musicians prefer a quality brand for doing their monitoring, recording, or playing the guitar. Some people use headphones for watching the latest action movie, or when playing their video games.

You may be a hardcore vinyl listener, rather than listening through your smart phone or device, though you may occasionally listen to music digitally, as that’s the most portable method of carrying music around.

Listening to music through a good set of headphones will make you truly appreciate how good music can really sound.

One problem many people have with cheap headphones is that they can grow out of them. The first time you get them out of their packaging and have a listen, it’s like wow! Then after a while, you get used to them. At this point, you may wish to take your listening to the next level and buy a premium set of headphones.

This is at the point when you may realise that you’re a true audiophile—a lover of sound. But many people may be hesitant to spend a lot of money on headphones if they’re only being used to listen to music or watch movies. Don’t let this belief hold you back.

First of all, audiophile headphones are often made from materials that do not include plastic. They can be made from wood, foam, and metal.

Even though you’re compressing sound into two tiny little speakers, you can still have great sound. You’ll want to begin by choosing fit and comfort. If your headphones are bulky or won’t stay up, find another set. They should feel comfortable and not squeeze your head. You’ll also want a nice tight seal between headphones and your ears to lock in sound.

The true high-quality audiophile headphones will have consistent quality no matter which pair you buy, with low distortion. More expensive headphones will contain a set of properly matched drivers with better and tighter quality control.

Some good headphones even contain several small drivers that fit inside the headphone. This is like having multiple speakers in the room—your listening experience is going to be better. And smaller drivers means that they are closer to your ears and it’ll be a lot like being right at the front of the stage.

The answer to the question of whether expensive headphones are worth it can be based on their capabilities. It’s not necessary to buy the most expensive, but on the other hand, you don’t want to buy cheap ones either. Consider stepping outside your budget a bit to purchase better ones that have had some focus placed on engineering and quality control.

Also consider trying your favourite brands. Remember that the audio experience will be subjective for everyone, so try a variety of different headphones to find the ones that best suit you.

How to Set Up a 7.1 Speaker System

Many people love the sound of centre channel speakers and bring them home, hoping they’ll be simple to install. It can involve a bit more attention than the plug-and-play aspect of a sound bar, but if you follow the exact instructions from the box, and your installation diagram, they shouldn’t be too difficult to install.

If you are curious about how to set up your speakers before you decide on a 7.1 speaker system, we’ll assist you with the best way to set one up step-by-step.


What is the Difference Between 5.1 and 7.1?

A 7.1 speaker system offers more audio channels than a 5.1 setup. A 5.1 has 5, while 7.1 has seven. The seven doesn’t include the subwoofer, which is present in the .1 of the configuration. When all the speakers have been installed in your living room, or home theatre room, you’ll have a full surround sound listening experience.

The seven speakers will comprise the following channels: left, right, and centre, left surround, right surround, left back, and right back, and your subwoofer.


Best 7.1 Speaker Configuration

Your speaker system isn’t your only part of your home entertainment system. You’ll have your receiver and your large flat screen TV also. Generally, your TV and receiver are going to sit at the back of the room on their entertainment stand.

Here is how the standard speaker configuration should be set up.


The Centre Channel Speaker

Your centre channel speaker will sit in the front of the TV. It will be in direct line to the centre of your couch. This speaker is usually placed immediately above or below your TV screen. It will directly face people who are sitting in the listening area. If you decide to install your speaker on a shelf or stand, you’ll want to ensure that it is flush with the edge of it. This will help to keep dialogue clarity from your TV shows or films.


The Front Speakers

When you set up our L, C, and R speakers, you are creating an X=Y=Z configuration, with a V shape. The left and right front speakers will be placed at equal distances from your TV screen on either side. Get out your tape measure and measure a distance of six feet. This is the optimum distance to place them apart from each other.

It’s recommended that you toe-in or angle your speakers to match the angle from left to the centre of the couch, or from right to the centre of the couch.


The Surround Sound Speakers

To either sides of the couch will be the SL and the SR speakers—the surround sounds. These should also be placed an equal distance apart from each other. They should also be slightly above and behind the person who is sitting in viewing position. The height should be about three feet.

You will then you place the SL and the SR speakers behind the couch. These speakers should also be installed at a height of three feet from the ground. They should also be behind the listener’s heads.


The Subwoofer

The subwoofer should be placed behind the TV on either the left or right sides. You’ll find that adding a subwoofer will add more bass to the listening experience.

The three most common positions in a room for a subwoofer are the corners, along a wall, or beside a front speaker. If you place it beside your front speaker you’ll find that it does a nice blend of sound. However, you may sacrifice your overall volume if you do that.

Often the subwoofer is installed in the corner and back from the TV and the centre speaker.

It’s recommended that you experiment a bit with your placement of the subwoofer. These adjustments can make a large difference in bass output.


Add a Second Subwoofer

Many people will choose to add a second subwoofer to the room, so there is also one on each side. This turns the 7.1 into a 7.2 configuration. If you choose to do this, you’ll want to place one subwoofer to the left rear spot behind the television, and the second subwoofer at an equal distance from the TV on the right hand side.

Again, be sure to experiment with the placement to gain the best sound experience.


Other Speaker Installation Considerations

This configuration can be simple for homeowners who have a basic rectangular-shaped room. But if your room isn’t that shape, don’t worry, you can still install your speakers, even if your room is square, T-shaped, or some other size.

You may also have issues with power sources, so you may need to run some cords where you didn’t expect. You may also wish to rearrange your furniture. It may be time to do a room redesign.

You may also find measurement guidelines for the optimum arrangement, however, no two rooms are the same, so don’t take this advice too seriously.

Just try to stick to the basic configuration: TV in the back, centre speaker above or in front, subwoofers to the back, left and right speaker in the front sides, and surround sound speakers to left and right of couch, and behind the couch. Don’t be afraid to make adjustments to fit them to your room and your listening enjoyment.


Benefits of the 7.1 Speaker System

When you see all the speakers together on a diagram you’ll begin to understand how they create that full surround sound experience which is far better than purchasing two speakers or a sound bar.

Remember that sound is fifty percent of your listening experience, and visual is the other half. You don’t want to sacrifice on your sound when you’ve already spent a ton of money on your flat screen television, PVR, and receiver. When you have installed your speakers in a perfect 7.1 configuration, you’ll be experiencing the true impact of your movies, TV shows, music, and video games. Now sit back and enjoy a complete home theatre experience!